Archive for May, 2010

Difference Between ESL and EFL

An estimated one billion people around the world are currently learning English. They choose to learn English for any number of reasons: to attend colleges and universities in English-speaking countries, to have better business communications. to enhance their employ ability, to facilitate government relations, to create a more rewarding travel experience, or, for many, to be able to communicate day to day in the English-speaking country in which they reside.

ESL stands for English as a second language and TESL for teaching English as a second language. Students in these programs are living in an environment where English is not their first language. They might be immigrants or refugees in an English-speaking country and need to learn the language to cope with day-to-day life.

EFL stands for English as a foreign language and TEFL for teaching English as a foreign language. Students in these programs may live in a country where their own language is the primary tongue; they may need to learn English for academic study, in preparation for travel to an English-speaking country, or for business purposes.

For some professionals the terminology might be helpful in defining the students, but, in essence, it doesn’t reflect any critical differences in teaching methods or approach. Others feel that there are differences – in approach and cultural content of materials – and that the ESL versus EFL terminology should reflect those differences.

A few recognized differences between the disciplines:

  • EFL learners generally spend fewer hours per week studying English then their ESL counterparts in setting within English-speaking countries.
  • EFL learners have little exposure to English outside the classroom and also have little need or opportunity to practice their newly acquired language skills.
  • A classroom of EFL learners has a common native-language background. ESL classes generally consist of students from a variety of countries.

GRE English Test

GRE English Literature Test is taken by students applying to graduate programs in English. Most programs require that requests the results for both the GRE General Test and GRE Literature in English Test denial. Both test offered by ETS and administered test in locations across the country and abroad. You can book one of the test recording your college or direct contact with ETS.

The test is usually administered twice a year and contains about 230 points, you have two hours and fifty minutes to respond. Unlike the general test is the test of English literature at not divided into sections, so you can answer questions in a random order. However, keep in mind that there are no breaks in this review. Each of the 230 questions worth the same amount, one point. Unlike the general criterion, there is a penalty for wrong answers are used to “correct guess”. For each wrong answer, the fourth point deducted from your score. Unanswered questions are not counted either direction.

Questions about the GRE literature in English may be freely distributed in two types.

Critical – These questions test your ability to distinguish aspects of the literature, such as voice, tone, mood, theme, shape, structure and literary methods of moving literature (usually a sample of a work or a bit more poem).

The facts – These questions have a simple test of the facts. You are invited to remember and information about writers and literature (often based on short passages written by or about the authors acknowledge); content and style of writing, historical and biographical information and details such as plot, character and setting.

When you register for a test, you get a booklet about the types of questions will be asked to answer yo. These questions are the following:

  • Literary analysis (40-55%)
  • Identification (15-20%)
  • Cultural and historical contexts (20-25%)
  • History and theory of literary critism (10-15%)

These questions test the following literature:

  • Continental, classical and comparative literature in 1925 (5-10%)
  • British Literature to 1660 (including Milton) (25-30%)
  • British literature 1060 – 1925 (30-35%)
  • American literature in 1925 (15-25%)
  • American, British and World literature after 1925 (approximately 20-25%)

You should bear in mind, however, that the classification of ETS issues can not be the same as yours. We advise you to concentrate on how to respond to questions of identity. Refresh your memory of the great names in the literature, their most famous works, and periods of time to come.